Down With The Cult Of Perfect Motherhood
It feels like a change is coming. This year, the conversation around maternal health and motherhood has grown louder, has pushed past its usual bounds. Mothers and fathers are talking openly about the unrealistic expectations they face, the lack of postpartum support, the prevalence of mood disorders among new moms, and the effects have been really encouraging: New York has created a pilot program to cover doula services in Medicaid, paid family leave is being seriously debated, and the stigma around postpartum depression is being dispelled.
One of the people moving the conversation along is author and journalist Kate Rope. Her new book Strong As a Mother: How to Stay Healthy, Happy, and (Most Importantly) Sane from Pregnancy to Parenthood: The Only Guide to Taking Care of YOU! is out today, and offers pregnant and postpartum women a relatable, funny, immensely practical guide to handling the adjustment to parenthood.
We need to give women "permission to fall apart a little, to let their outsides match their insides a little more closely," Rope tells Romper by email. "Maybe share a struggle of your own to give them a little crack in the door to walk through. The more we can all talk about the harder parts of this tectonic transition, the more we will feel comfortable asking for help when we need it."
Rope is unsparing in offering up details from her own journey as a mother, and ties together the experiences of other women across the country to destigmatize issues like anxiety, loss, and feeding difficulties. It is the kind of book you don't just read and digest, but keep on hand for when you need it.
In an exclusive excerpt from her book, Rope explains why we feel so much pressure as mothers, and how to get to a more positive, supportive place.
Down With The Cult Of Perfect Motherhood
Our culture has a very complicated (and often hypocritical) relationship to motherhood. On the one hand, we place mothers on pedestals and tell them they have the “most important job in the world.” On the other, we provide almost no institutional support for the endeavor of raising a child. From whom much is expected, so little is given.
Our extended families are often far from us. There is no universal public or subsidized childcare. There is no national visiting nurse service for new moms. Parental leave is insufficient at best, nonexistent at worst. I am not trying to depress the hell out of you. Just trying to call a spade a spade. There is almost no structural support for a job that is considered one of the most important you can undertake and which is certifiably one of the hardest you will ever have.
And yet, we place expectations that cannot possibly be met, even with incredible support. Expectations that don’t even need to be met, because our children do better when they learn to rely on themselves and other members of their community. But that won’t stop the culture at large from sending you one consistent, loud — but completely erroneous — message: it’s all on you, and you gotta get it right.
Women’s expectations of themselves as workers and as mothers are just totally over the top.
Our Epidemic of Expectations
“We have this ideology of total motherhood,” says Joan Wolf, PhD, associate professor women’s and gender studies at Texas A&M University and author of Is Breast Best?: Taking On the Breastfeeding Experts and the New High Stakes of Parenthood, “which essentially tells women they are 100 percent responsible for the products they produce... We don’t hold anybody on the planet accountable in that way for anything. We certainly don’t hold fathers responsible in that way, and we don’t hold governments or communities responsible.”
“We are living in an epidemic of expectations,” agrees Lauren Smith Brody, author of The Fifth Trimester: The Working Mom’s Guide to Style, Sanity, and Big Success After Baby. “Women’s expectations of themselves as workers and as mothers are just totally over the top. And, for me at least, it’s the thing that pushes me over the edge. I find myself looking in the mirror and feeling like I am failing at everything.”
Hey Mom! You Are Not the Sum of Your Choices & Experiences
The things you do or do not do in pregnancy (even before pregnancy), delivery, and early parenthood — breastfeeding, formula-feeding, having medication during delivery, using cloth diapers, attachment parenting, co-sleeping, crying it out, feeding your kid organic foods, letting your kid watch Daniel Tiger, working full-time, staying home full-time, and so on — are often seen as an indication of who you are as a person and mother instead of just choices you made or experiences you had along the way.
“These choices are labeled with this moral freight,” says Wolf. “They indicate whether you are a person who cares about your child, whether you care about your health, whether you care about the environment. Pregnancy and motherhood have become this experience where any of your needs become irrelevant, and any potential risk you can eliminate for your child is worth it.”
Mothers have always been told that they are uniquely responsible for their children’s well-being in the largest possible sense.
I mean, motherhood is sometimes a power trip, but that’s a lot of power. Way more than I think anyone would want and certainly way more than we actually have. But the messaging moms get can make us second-guess or feel guilty about every choice we make or don’t make.
“Mothers have always been told that they are uniquely responsible for their children’s well-being in the largest possible sense,” says journalist Judith Warner, author of Perfect Madness: Motherhood in the Age of Anxiety. And that responsibility, says Warner, has roots in the individualism that defines America. So rather than looking to collective responsibility or social action to bear a large part of the responsibility of raising the next generation, we put it all on moms.
“We have a very individualized sense of what it means to succeed, and we have brought that orientation to motherhood,” says Warner, who came of age in the 1980s in a generation “that was bathed in the ethos, ‘You can do it! You can do it all! And you can do it single-handedly!’” And when those kinds of messages got filtered through the popular culture and media, says Warner, we ended up with “this emphasis on the mom and the extreme lengths women need to go to ensure their babies’ health and well-being.”
A Short History Of The Conflicting & Overwhelming Expectations Placed On Mothers Through The Ages
In her book, Warner takes readers on a tour of advice given to — and expectations placed on — mothers over the past three hundred years. Turns out, from the time of the colonies — when mothers were held responsible for nothing less than their children’s spiritual salvation — to the present day, mothers have been burdened with completely unrealistic and totally conflicting responsibilities. Let’s take a quick trip through them.
- Keep yourself separate from your children
- Don’t “coddle,” “spoil,” or “smother” your children
- Don’t be “dangerously self-sacrificing”
- Avoid being anxious, overly concerned, or neurotic
- Make sure you are not “overattached”
- Create a “secure attachment” to your child
- Make sure you are not attached for the wrong reasons (for your needs, rather than your child’s)
- Avoid “overbearing involvement”
- Be involved in your kids’ lives!
- Enjoy your children!
- Meet your husband’s needs — for your children’s sake
- Break away from the identity of being a mother
- Be fulfilled — for yourself
- Be fulfilled — so you don’t damage your kids’ psyche
- Eschew motherhood altogether
- Be happy so your children will be happy
- Don’t work
- Have it all
- Build up your children’s self-esteem
- Don’t praise your children too much
- Stimulate early childhood learning starting in the womb
- Be “everything” to your children
Anybody else confused and exhausted?
My radical hope is that we can give a new generation of mothers the tools, permission, and road map for redefining what we expect of ourselves, how we take care of ourselves and our kids, and how we expect others — including government and institutions — to take care of us. To realize that what is being asked of us is not only unrealistic, but it is actually not good for us or our kids. I want us to start asking for better — from ourselves, our friends and family, and from our community.
This piece is excerpted from STRONG AS A MOTHER: How To Stay Healthy, Happy And (Most Importantly) Sane From Pregnancy To Parenthood by Kate Rope, copyright © 2018 by the author and reprinted by permission of St. Martin's Press. On sale May 1, 2018.
Check out Romper's new video series, Bearing The Motherload, where disagreeing parents from different sides of an issue sit down with a mediator and talk about how to support (and not judge) each other’s parenting perspectives. New episodes air Mondays on Facebook.