It is so common to have been in a position of being made fun of, ganged up on, and being bullied for no reason. Bullying is something that follows kids throughout their school years, and while many people recognize that it is a problem — the first lady has even made it her cause of choice — not many people recognize the lasting impacts of being bullied. And as a new study has found, the ways that bullying affects kids later in life sadly isn't entirely shocking. Essentially, bullying has a major impact on the mental state of the victims, and it's important that it's addressed head on.
Indeed, it might not come as a surprise to many after reading the findings of the new study, published in JAMA Psychiatry, that found out what kinds of impacts bullying has on a child's mental health. Researchers in the United Kingdom, led by Dr. Jean-Baptiste Pingault from University College London, found that bullying in kids was linked anxiety, depression, paranoid thoughts, and cognitive disorganization among children between the ages of 11 and 16.
The study found that these mental effects of bullying could last up to two years, according to Medical News Today, but dissipated after the five-year mark. These aren't easy things for adults to deal with, let alone a pre-teen or teenager who is going through some serious developmental changes while experiencing the side effects of bullying at the same time.
Knowing about these mental issues is certainly disheartening, especially since bullying starts so early on in life. In fact, research shows, according to Parents, that bullying behavior can start as early as 3 years old.
Mental health issues in children have been on a steady rise, according to the research, and the prominence of bullying can be blamed. And while these new findings may give parents insight into the implications of this type of behavior, it's not entirely brand new information. There's a plethora of data on the subject that can help further explain why bullying is such a problem and how experts suggest it be addressed.
One out of every five students report being bullied, according to Pacer's National Bullying Prevention Center and one third of children report to being bullied by their peers, the study reports. But even then, the numbers might be skewed. This is because 65 percent of children who are bullied do not report it, whereas 36 percent of children who are bullied actually do, according to the National Bullying Prevention Center. Girls are more likely to report that they were bullied at school, according to the New York Post, than boys.
Although bullying is so prevalent, more children are reporting that they are bullied than before. According to The Guardian, research conducted by the Child Helpline International found that calls to the helpline, which exists to help them through their problems with bullying, doubled from 2006 to 2012.
Like bullying, children's mental health issues are just as prevalent. An estimated 17.1 million children have or had a diagnosable psychiatric disorder, according to the Child Mind Institute. Statistics from the Child Mind Institute show that 31.9 percent of children are prescribed with having anxiety disorders and 14.3 percent of children have depression and bipolar disorders.
One 2016 study found that there was a 37 percent increase of adolescents and young adults who reported they had a major depressive episode in a 10-year period, according to TIME. One recent study found that three times as many teenage girls will have early onset depression than teenage boys, according to Broadly.
Having issues with mental health at a young age can hinder not only a child's self-esteem, but it can impact their performance in school as well. According to the Child Mind Institute, if mental disorders are left untreated, they are known to have an effect on a student's ability to learn and function in a school environment.
Although the negative side effects of bullying do dissipate over a period of time, five years can feel like an eternity, especially to teenagers. In order to make these long-term effects seem "less," the study concluded that intervention is necessary — not only for bullying, but to reduce the stigma of mental issues. The authors of the study wrote:
Specifically, we must be mindful in any prevention effort that our goal should be to not only stop the bullying but also to address potential preexisting vulnerabilities to prevent mental health in the long term.
The study's authors believe that when addressing bullying in schools — whether that be through school assemblies or presentations from teachers — programs should simultaneously address mental health problems and promoting resiliency. The more kids know that they are not alone, the earlier they can address these issues head on and work on solutions. This way, children can be treated with the cognitive behavioral therapy that they need to address their problems, according to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America.
Bullying might be common, but the long-term effects of it shouldn't have to be. Addressing the problem early on and getting children the support they need will help.
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